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George Aylwin Hogg was born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, in February 1915. He attended St George's School, Harpenden, and Wadham College, Oxford. In 1937 he embarked on a world tour with his aunt, the social reformer and pacificst Muriel Lester (1883-1968), visiting the United States, Japan and then China. While travelling he worked as a freelance journalist and reported on the Second Sino-Japanese War, including the capture of Hankow by the Japanese in 1938.
While in China Hogg encountered the Chinese Industrial Co-operatives and, having spent time on a co-operative farm in the United States, he joined the movement, quickly mastered the Chinese language and became the first English secretary of the C.I.C. Regional Office. In 1942, working with New Zealander Rewi Alley, he established the Baillie School at Shuangshipu, a technical training school for co-operative apprentices. Hogg's account of his work, I see a new China, was published in 1944. Early in 1945, to escape the Japanese advance north-west, he moved the school to Sandan in Gansu province, a journey of 700 miles through mountain passes. Hogg died suddenly of tetanus at Sandan on 22 July 1945.
Papers of George Aylwin Hogg comprising:
The papers were deposited at St George's School, Harpendon, from 2010 to 2017.
Donated by Mark Aylwin Thomas in May 2017.
Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. 12462
Alley | Rewi | 1897-1987 | writer and social reformer
Hogg | George Aylwin | 1915-1945 | journalist and teacher
Education -- China -- History -- 20th century
Sino-Japanese War -- 1937-1945