Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Historical Papers

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Charlotte McKillop-Mash
2017



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Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Dunn School correspondence and papers [1930]-2014
    A.1   Working correspondence and papers 1941-2005, n.d.
    A.2   Celebrations of the history of the Dunn School [1930]-2014
    A.3   Dunn School cricket club 1952-2009, n.d.
B   Printed material, ephemera, objects 1893-2010
    B.1   Textbooks and class materials 1938-1990
    B.2   Journals, offprints and newsletters 1893-2008
    B.3   Clippings, ephemera, objects 1941-2010, n.d.
C   Photographs c. 1900-2002
    C.1   Penicillin photographs c. 1940-1995
    C.2   Staff portraits c. 1900-2002
    C.3   Scientific and lab photographs, and miscellanea c. 1937-2000, n.d.


Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Historical Papers

1893-2014

Abstract:
Academic, working, and social correspondence, papers, photographs and audio-visual materials from the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology at the University of Oxford, including materials relating to the development of the antibiotic penicillin in the Dunn School in the 1940s.

Extent: 6 Linear metres, 113 physical shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: English

Full Range of Shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/1-91, MSS. 12202 Photogr. 1-22.

Biographical/Historical

Pathology at Oxford was originally taught as one of the components of general medical instruction; over time, along with anatomy and physiology, it became a separate subject. During the 1890s, JS Burdon-Sanderson lectured on pathology, while James Ritchie taught bacteriology. The latter was Lecturer in Pathology from 1897 to 1900. On the opening of the new Department of Pathology in 1901, Ritchie was appointed Reader in Pathology; he was ‘constituted’ Professor in 1905. In 1904 William Osler was appointed Regius Professor of Medicine, and funds were obtained, largely from Oxford medical graduates and Edward Whitley, so that on Ritchie’s resignation in 1907 the post was elevated to a permanent professorship and in 1908 Georges Dreyer, the Danish experimental pathologist, was appointed to the Professorship of Pathology, which he held until his death in 1934.

In November 1922, Congregation passed a decree accepting £100,000 from the trustees of the late Sir William Dunn, who had already made various bequests to medical science, including a grant for a Department and Chair of Chemistry at Cambridge. Nearly 3 acres of the University Parks were taken over at the east end of South Parks Road, thus beginning the eastward expansion of the Science Area. The foundation stone of the new School, designed by EP Warren (who worked closely with Professor Dreyer), was laid on 9 May 1923. The building was finished by the end of 1926, and was formally opened on 11 March 1927.

Dreyer was succeeded by Howard Florey, who began his ground-breaking work on penicillin at the School just before the Second World War with colleagues including Ernst Chain, Norman Heatley, and chemist Edward Penley Abraham (who went on to develop and patent the antibiotic cephalosporin, proceeds from which continue to help fund the department).

Heads of Department

1901-1907 James Ritchie, Reader in Pathology (‘constituted’ Professor in 1905) 1907-1934 Georges Dreyer, Professor of Pathology 1934-1935 (vacant) 1935-1963 (Sir) Howard Florey, Professor of Pathology 1963-1994 Henry Harris, Professor of Pathology 1963-79, Regius Professor of Medicine 1979-1992, Emeritus Regius Professor from 1992 1994-2012 Herman Waldmann, Professor of Pathology 2013- Matthew Freeman, Professor of Pathology

Scope and Content

Comprises historical working correspondence and papers, photographs, and audio visual material, primarily an important collection of photographs and cine films which record the development of the first antibiotic penicillin at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology in the 1940s. (The administrative papers of the department are held by the Oxford University Archives.)

Acquisition

Transferred from the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, 2009-2017.

Related Material

The administrative papers of the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology can be found in the Oxford University Archives at PT 1-76/2. The Radclife Infirmary case notes from the first therapeutic trials of penicillin are at MS. Eng. Misc. c. 594. The Edward Penley Abraham archive is at MSS. Abraham 1-191.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark, e.g. MS. 12202].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Abraham | Edward Penley | Sir | 1913-1999 | biochemist
Chain | Ernst Boris | Sir | 1906-1979 | biochemist
Florey | Harold Walter | Baron | 1898-1968 | experimental pathologist and bacteriologist
Harris | Henry | Sir | 1925-2014 | cell biologist
Heatley | Norman George | 1911-2004 | biochemist
Sanders | Arthur Gordon | 1908-1980 | physician and scientist
Waldmann | Herman | b. 1945 | immunologist

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

Australian National University | John Curtin School of Medical Research
University of Oxford | Sir William Dunn School of Pathology x Dunn School

Subject(s)

20th century
21st century
Medicine -- History
Penicillin
Science
University of Oxford

A   Dunn School correspondence and papers [1930]-2014

Arrangement

For general departmental administrative papers, please see the Oxford University Archive's Dunn School collection.


A.1   Working correspondence and papers 1941-2005, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/1-7, MS. 12202 photogr. 22

Early professors' correspondence and papers
Date: 1941-2004
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises small amounts of the correspondence and papers of:

Research notes
Date: 1947-1991
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.G. Sanders' consultancy correspondence and papers
Date: 1949-1954, 1961
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 files)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.G. Sanders' consultancy photographs
Date: 1949-1953
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 photogr. 22
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Photographs of building plans and interiors of the John Curtin School of Medical Research in Canberra, Australia.

Atherosclerosis Discussion Group
Date: 1971-1985
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Papers of the Atherosclerosis Discussion Group, 1980s, including correspondence mainly with Earl P. Benditt, the Chairman of the Department of Pathology, University of Washington, and copies of papers regarding atherosclerosis and other subjects, possibly texts of lectures given at meetings. (The John French Memorial Fund was opened under the auspices of the Group, of which French was a founder member and Secretary from 1963-1968.)

Symposia
Date: 1990-1992, 2004-2005
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Prizes and nominations
Date: 1982-1994
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers concerning the nominations of Professor Henry Harris for the Wolf Foundation Prize in Medicine, 1982, and for the Nobel Prize, 1989-1994.

Henry Harris' retirement
Date: 1992
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence and photographs sent to the Dunn School regarding a celebration of Henry Harris' retirement.

A.2   Celebrations of the history of the Dunn School [1930]-2014

A.2.1   Symposium celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School [1930]-1984

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/8-10

Correspondence and papers concerning the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School in 1977
Date: [1930]-1984
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/8
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Correspondence of Henry Harris regarding the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School, plus research into Dunn School history, preparations for the celebration symposium, and texts of lectures by Harris, Medawar, Gardner, Heatley, Abraham and Mackaness plus the Chairman's introduction and an audio recording list. Includes a letter from Violet Gardner replying to a condolence letter from Harris on the death of her husband, A.D. Gardner [died 28 Jan 1978].

Microcassettes: 50th anniversary lectures
Date: 1977
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Ten microcassettes recording lectures given at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School:

Cassette tapes: 50th anniversary lectures
Date: 1977
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/10
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 items

Scope and Content

Comprises three cassettes containing the following lectures made on the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School: